Procedures for Men

Gender Modification
Sexual Reassignment Surgery

Gender modification is also know as a sex change or gender reassignment. Sex reassignment surgery is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another.

There are two main reasons to alter the genital organs from one sex to another.

Newborns with intersex deformities must early on be assigned to one sex or the other. These deformities represent intermediate stages between the primordial female genitals and the change into male genitals caused by male hormone stimulation. Newborns with ambiguous organs will almost always be assigned to the female gender unless the penis is at least an inch long. Whatever their chromosomes, they are much more likely to be socially well adjusted as females, even if they cannot have children.

Both men and women occasionally believe they are physically a different sex than they are mentally and emotionally.

Converting male to female anatomy requires removal of the penis, reshaping genital tissue to appear more female, and constructing a vagina. A vagina can be successfully formed from a skin graft or an isolated loop of intestine. Following the surgery, female hormones (estrogen) will reshape the body’s contours and stimulate the growth of satisfactory breasts.

You may already have a surgeon or you might be looking at financing options first; either way, can help you understand your options.


Some costs include pre-surgery night and five nights recuperation in hosptial, doctor’s fee and clinical interview/surgery consultation.


Social support from one’s family is important for readjustment as a member of the opposite gender. If surgical candidates are socially or emotionally unstable before the operation, over the age of 30, or have an unsuitable body build for the new gender, they tend not to fare well after gender reassignment surgery. However, in no case studied did the gender reassignment procedure diminish their ability to work.

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At a Glance
3 to 4 hours

General Anesthesia

In/Out Patient:  
In Patient

1 to 3 weeks


After 6 weeks, the patient should be able to engage in neovaginal intercourse. During sexual arousal, there is some vaginal lubrication – though in most cases the patient should apply lubricant jelly at the vaginal opening prior to intercourse (as with dilation). Typically during arousal, mild swelling of the urethral meatus from excess corpus spongiosum may occur which can be corrected for cosmetic improvement. During sex, sensation at the vaginal opening, inner labia, and neoclitoris can be comparable, and certainly more sustained after climax, than previously in the male sex. It is essential to avoid any strenuous activity which can complicate recovery.